They argued that empowerment must encourage There is no more important step to be taken along the road to racial justice than building and strengthening a black middle class. ADMISSIONS AND COLLEGE PERFORMANCE ..... 148 A . Educational policies, programs, and practices emerge from the mission of the institution (Kuh, Schuh, Whitt, and Associates, 1991). from diversity on campus, and addressing long-term societal needs (Bowen and Bok, 1998, p. 278). Bowen, William G., and Derek Bok. >> Whether the metaphor used is the “pipeline” or Bowen and Bok's Shape of the River (Bowen & Bok, 1998), the educational system loses many minority students during the undergraduate years. trailer Bowen, William G. and Derek Bok. They may well be correct. ing to William G. Bowen and Derek Bok (1998), legacies had a two to one admissions advan-tage over non-legacies. Firm conclusions are hard to come by, and some of the authors disagree with the hypotheses suggested by others. The database on which this study rests includes more than 80,000 undergraduates from 28 selective institutions. Bowen, William, and Derek Bok. In our view, race is relevant in determining which candidates “merit ” admission because taking account of race helps institutions achieve three objectives central to their mission––identifying individuals with high potential, permitting students to benefit educationally from diversity on campus, and addressing long-term societal needs (Bowen and Bok, 1998, p. 278). Long Term Consequences of Considering Race in College and University Admissions" (Princeton, September 1998) breaks this mold. William G. Bowen (1933-2016) was president emeritus of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and Princeton University and founding chairman of ITHAKA.. His many books included The Shape of the River: Long-Term Consequences of Considering Race in College and University Admissions (with Derek Bok) (Princeton).Derek Bok is the 300th Anniversary University Research Professor at Harvard … This closing of the gap, moreover, was due to rising black scores, not falling white ones, indicating that something -- perhaps the War on Poverty, perhaps increased black expectations, perhaps improved schooling, especially in math -- was working. One of the first problems is the validity of the matriculation exams for Palestinian Arab students, which are a basic requirement for pursuing higher education in Israel. . With the publication of their book, and of ''The Black-White Test Score Gap,'' edited by Christopher Jencks, the Malcolm Wiener Professor of Social Policy at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, and Meredith Phillips, an assistant professor of policy studies at the University of California, Los Angeles, the fact gap has closed considerably. Gokhan Savas 1, 1 Social Sciences … Bowen and Bok interpret these facts to mean that an increase in the size of the black middle class justifies racial preferences. $24.95, cloth. 1 'pThy Linda Chavez. 0000003457 00000 n They may well be correct. Emphasizing graduation rate, W. Bowen and D. Bok (1998) argue that "race-sensitive " admission at selective colleges enhances the educational attainment of underrepresented minority students, and that the effect increases with college selectivity. AUTHORS: William G. Bowen and Derek Bok First published in 1998, William Bowen and Derek Bok’s The Shape of the River became an immediate landmark in the debate over affirmative action in America. ... Reference: Embracing Diversity in Marketing Education Last 30 days; Last 90 days; Next 90 days; Global Store. . … 0000003560 00000 n is the subject of The Shape of the River--Long Term Consequences of Considering Race in College and University Admissions by William G. Bowen and Derek Bok. %PDF-1.6 ↩ 26. . Bowen and Bok (1998) cite the large numbers of black students accepted to the best law, medical, and other graduate schools as evidence of the success of affirmative action admissions. Still, the bulk of the material in this book leaves the reader with the sense that the causes are deep and difficult to overcome. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998, 472pp. 1076 0 obj The mission of an institution of higher education tells us what a college or university is about, what it values, what it holds to be true. Cameron Howell and Sarah E. Turner (2004) document a similar advantage at the University of Virginia, where only 32 percent of regular applicants were admitted compared with 57 percent of alumni children. Chapters in ''The Black-White Test Score Gap'' explore the influence of parents, teachers, peers and society as a whole in explaining why blacks and whites perform differently on such tests. endstream 27 in Bowen and Bok 1998:6 ) 90 days ; Global Store BEEN. Principle is at stake, facts become conveniences to be cited when helpful and to explained. When helpful and to be explained away when harmful to do our best to overcome this gap with. Examines the years after College 2005 ; NACAC 2006 ) even more if one the. 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