Propagation by division is the simplest way to create more ZZ plants—simply separate the rhizomes the next time you repot your ZZ plant and plant in a separate container. Another way is to make a clean cut along the bottom of the leaves, snipping off the bottom quarter, to encourage new growth. If you love free plants as much as I do, the ZZ plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) is going to be one of your favorite go-to’s for propagating houseplants. Just take the mother plant out of its container, loosen the soil, and separate the plant … It pulled out with some coaxing and I stood the plant back up to suss out the situation. Find out how to propagate a ZZ plant to keep or give away! There are a couple ways that you can propagate the ZZ plant. Vegetative single leaf cuttings are best for propagation, according to Purdue University's College of Agriculture. Every part of the ZZ plant is considered poisonous and can cause problems when ingested, such as stomach aches, diarrhea, and vomiting. The ZZ plant is easy to root from a simple cutting placed in water. That’s great for us: because long as you are cozy in your home, your ZZ plants probably are as well. Hopefully, I won’t have to transplant the large one for a couple of years, but who knows. The time it takes for new roots to develop varies, but be prepared to wait a while. Since they are tropical plants, ZZ plants like spaces that are warm and humid. Zamioculcas zamiifolia, also known as the ZZ plant, is an East African native that also grows well in USDA hardiness zones 9b through 11. Unlike some other tuberous plants, a ZZ plant unfortunately can’t be propagated by dividing its tubers. If you only have window that receive bright sun, then just place your plant a few feet away from it or use a sheer curtain to block the harshest rays. A few short stems (around 8″) also broke off and they started showing roots in 3 or 4 weeks. Your email address will not be published. Give the substrate a generous watering and then keep it lightly moist. I love ZZ Plants because they’re tough as nails, a snap to maintain and as handsome as can be. The water method requires less effort and houseplant cuttings in a nice vase are pretty decorative, so let’s start with that one! Let’s just say that it’s enjoying the desert heat to the max – it’s growing like crazy! In the winter, when the plant growth slows, you can stop fertilizing until the spring. Happy gardening & thanks for stopping by, You can find more houseplant info in my simple and easy to digest houseplant care guide: Keep Your Houseplants Alive. If you water them very carefully, they might be fine. Again, you can give the leaves a slight tug to check if they’ve rooted. For example, propagating from seeds is not very common, plus it takes longer for the plants to grow from seeds than stem cuttings, for example. If it’s already been a bit, you can give the cutting a slight tug. Propagation of ZZ plants through division cannot be done frequently, because the plants produce rhizomes slowly and removing them frequently can damage the parent plant. You can propagate ZZ plants through division or with leaf cuttings. This all ensures that the mix will drain really well (those thick, fleshy roots & rhizomes store water so this plant is subject to rot) yet is adequately and naturally nourished. Mine, which moved with me from California to Arizona last year, was starting to overtake its spot in the kitchen. Multiplication of ZZ plants can be achieved through any of the following methods: Leaf cuttings; Stem cuttings; Rhizome division; Seeds; Not all methods guarantee the same level of success. They certainly grow like a weed in these warm temps and a good dose of bright light! I was wondering if I should bury them deeper in the pot or if it’s ideal to have the tops out of the soil a bit? 10 Best Low Light Indoor Plants that Are Easy to Care for. Hi Jackie – It’s best to have pots with drain holes. Since rhizomes are slow, it is best to look at leaf cuttings as the source of material for propagation. This is a project I’d never done before and I wasn’t really sure how it would go. Hi Lisa – @2015 - PenciDesign. This especially applies if your ZZ is chugging along nicely and putting out lots of new growth. ZZ Plant Rhizomes . ZZ plant propagation through division works because they’re clustering rhizome plants. Who hasn’t forgotten to water their plants once or twice? While you can also repot the whole ZZ into a larger planter, dividing allows you to create two, or maybe three plants out of the original ZZ. There are numerous ways to propagate ZZ plants, but in this post, I will show you step-by-step how you can propagate … Regarding outdoor temperatures, Is this/winter an acceptable time of year to bring the new plant outside? One way is to simply place the leaves into water (a shot glass is handy here!) Not sure whether your ZZ plant propagation attempt has been successful? Make sure that the cutting is at least two inches long with some healthy leaves near the top. Repotting Basics: Basics Beginning Gardeners Need To Know, 7 Easy Care Floor Plants For Beginning Houseplant Gardeners, Propagating a ZZ Plant: Rooting Stem Cuttings in Water, African Mask Plant Care: Growing an Alocasia Plant, Learn How to Garden on a Budget | Joy Us Garden. Hi Alyssa – The ZZ Plant spreads by rhizomes. ZZ Plant leaf propagation. It takes a good while to get a mature plant this way, but it means that you barely have to damage the mother plant to propagate it. that have already generated from the original plant. It was a little tough getting through the fleshy roots and swollen rhizomes. That ability makes it especially easy for novice gardeners to divide their ZZ Plants with confidence. Your cuttings will work on their root system before putting out new growth above ground, which means it can take a good while before any leaves pop up. Multiplying this popular and hardy houseplant is super easy and there are actually three different ways to do it. Hi Judy – The tubers can be exposed a bit (they are on my 2) so no worries. Division will give you an instant new plant because you are simply separating new plants (with roots!) There's a video to guide you. This all ensures that the mix will drain really well (those thick, fleshy roots & rhizomes store water so this plant … It was extremely heavy because all the growth arises from underground rhizomes (they look like potatoes as the plant ages) which add quite a few pounds to a plant this size. Here's how I propagated my large ZZ Plant by dividing it into 3 plants. . Knowing your Zamioculcas zamiifolia. All about how I propagated my huge ZZ plant. Is it possible to plant them using gravel and charcoal under cactus mix? If you want a faster option, then propagate through the division of the rhizomes. Just let the soil dry a couple of inches and then water generously, making sure that the water runs all the way through the planter. As long as each section is still at least two inches long with a couple of healthy leaves each, it should work fine. Tip: Propagating any houseplant is easier and quicker during the summer months. Once you have as many leaves as you’d like, the more the better, you have some options. Hi! In late winter/early spring, my ZZ Plant started putting new growth in a big way. If you see new stems popping up from the soil next to the mother plant, that means yours is ready to take apart. This is because the plant produces new rhizomes very slowly, and removing some frequently will damage the parent plant. Alternatively, ZZ plants can also be propagated … I wouldn’t keep it outside when temps are below 40 F. Nell. Did you know? Remove it from the container and cut the root system in half. Loosen roots and repot into two containers. It does, however, mean that you need a pretty mature plant with multiple stems. To propagate by division, wait until you need to re-pot your ZZ plant. These plants grow in a special way; rather than branching or vining out, it’s the roots that do the branching, creating new plants (often called pups) that pop out of the ground next to the mother plant. Propagating A ZZ Plant By Division: Getting 3 Plants From 1. Cover photo © Adiano on Adobe Stock. Both are easy to do. You should even avoid touching the plant too much without gloves since it can cause skin and eye irritation. Methods for propagating a ZZ plant. How to propagate a ZZ plant | 3 different ways! This video does a good job of explaining how to propagate the ZZ plant in water. You only need a tiny part of the mother plant to create a whole new ZZ. Or cut the stem just above the soil and root it in water. For propagating a ZZ plant using the leaf cuttings method, just pinch off a few healthy leaves from the mother plant, getting as close to the base as you can. This post may contain affiliate links. Once the cuts have calloused over, you can place the cuttings into loose, well-draining soil. The rooting process is very slow, and if you have luck, the plant will root in a few months. I picked the best point to cut into (which gave a 1/3 to 2/3 division) and starting saw away. There were several pieces that I put in one pot and it did survive. I did find this article which debunks myths and explains the Zamioculcas zamiifolia is a plant from east Africa growing not in deserts, but in shady forested areas. Do you bring your ZZ indoors if it’s too hot (100+) or if it’s too cold out? In late winter/early spring, my ZZ Plant started putting new growth in a big way. You can practice crown division when repotting. And how much gravel/charcoal? ZZ plants, like most common houseplants, enjoy bright, indirect sunlight. This method also takes a while. I used a planting mixture of 3/4 potting soil with 1/4 succulent and cactus mix. ZZ’s don’t like to have their “feet” kept wet. It doesn’t have to be a lot of water: just enough to make sure to cover the cut ends. The plant was turned on its side and I firmly pushed on the pot to loosen the root ball even more. Taking stem cuttings from a ZZ plant is pretty easy and you don’t need much to make a new plant. The easiest and quickest way to propagate the ZZ plant is through division of the rhizomes, which you’ll probably have to do at some point anyway once the plant gets too large. My wife's mother plant got root bound a couple of years ago and I divided it into six plants. I now grow my 2 ZZs indoors. As for the soil, ZZ plants aren’t too picky as long as the soil is well-draining. I love ZZ Plants because they’re tough as nails, a snap to maintain and as handsome as can be. Unfortunately, ZZ plants are poisonous to cats and dogs. The heat didn’t seem to bother it at all but keep it out of the sun & mind the watering. Nell. I was gifted three 18″ zz’s which I would like to keep indoor. Without much prior thought, I jumped right in. A rhizome is a modified part of the stem that grows underground on certain plants. All Right Reserved. This is not true! I’m curious if the new smaller plants I’ve created can spread and grow additional rhizomes under the soil. I’d like to re-pot it and create a second plant to keep outdoors. If you see new stems popping up from the soil next to the mother plant, that means yours is ready to take apart. Make sure … After that, all you can do is wait and hope for the best! Here’s how to propagate a ZZ Plant cutting: Cut off a stalk at the base of your plant, making a straight cut with a sanitized knife. How to Root A ZZ Plant Cutting In Water. What this means is that they’ll do best when kept in front of a window. © 2020 Joy Us Garden | Care, Propagation, and Pruning About | Contact | PRIVACY POLICYDesign By Viva la Violet, Mother Nature Inspired Christmas Ornaments, « How To Work With Hanging Succulents Without All The Leaves Falling Off, How To Create Succulent Planters From Vintage Books ». The division method is by far the quickest and easiest way to propagate a ZZ plant. I used a planting mixture of 3/4 potting soil with 1/4 succulent and cactus mix. Propagation of ZZ plants by division can only be done once in a while. The 95 degree heat added to the struggle but both the plant and I survived. ZZ Plants are tough as nails, easy to maintain & make gorgeous houseplants. If you feel resistance, that means roots have developed! ZZ plant propagation through division works because they’re clustering rhizome plants. Dividing it seemed to be a logical solution and is one way of propagating a ZZ Plant. Again, it’s recommended to give the stem cuttings a chance to heal a bit before going any further. What’s great about the water method, whether you’re using leaf or stem cuttings, is that you can very easily see the roots growing. I just adopted a ZZ plant from a coworker and the rootballs are exposed. New rhizomes will form off the original ones. The recommendation is to mix 3 parts general potting soil to 1 part succulent or cactus mix. The first steps for propagating ZZ plant leaves in soil are the same as the water method, but end with you gently pressing the leaves upright into soil with the pinched or cut side down. Common houseplants that you can propagate by division include ZZ plants, peace lilies, aloes, and sansevierias. CUTTER, E. G. (1962). You may only need to water your ZZ plant once every two weeks or so, depending on your household conditions. Some people do this only for a few hours while others wait for up to three days. ZZ plants propagate in two main ways: through division, and through leaf cuttings. Sometimes even longer! A few handfuls of compost were tossed in along the way as well as a 1″ layer of worm compost towards the top. Photo by Sara Epstein. Do you know if that happens? Propagate ZZ plants by division or leaf cuttings. Once you’ve planted the cuttings, water generously. Be patient! ZZ Plant Propagation. Once you’ve removed the plant from its pot, simply split the rhizome root system into two portions, and plant each in its own container. Mainly keep the pots moist until it gets rooted, then fertilize with a slow release fertilizer, I use Osmocote. First, take a sterilized knife or scissors and cut off a stem from the mother plant. I already purchased my pots BUT HAVE NO DRAIN HOLES!!! Once the leaves appear to start moving upwards, that means a rhizome and stem are well on their way to developing. Just like with the stem cuttings in water method, you’ll need to cut a stem into one or multiple pieces. Wondering how to propagate a ZZ plant? This is definitely one houseplant you’ll need to keep out of reach of pets and children! Other photos, in order, © jchizhe © Suradech and © Adiano on Adobe Stock. This hardy succulent grows to heights of 3 feet with an equal foliage spread at maturity. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. There are a couple different ways of propagating ZZ plant leaves in water. Propagating ZZ plant from stem cuttings is not comparatively that much easy and successful method as the division, but it works: Cut off 5-7 inches of healthy stems from the plant with two to three leaves on them. Place the container in a warm and light place and change the water once or twice a week. I started by hoisting the plant out to my work table. If you forget, it’s fine, as long as there’s no mold growing. If you choose the latter method, you should let the leaves heal over before placing them into the water. The results of propagating a ZZ Plant by rooting stem cuttings in water: The stems you see in the green vase are 28″ long, give or take a bit. You can see how I did that here. You can propagate a ZZ plant with just one large cutting, or you can cut the large cutting into sections. You can also propagate the ZZ plant by division (dividing the plant) or by separating the rhizomes.  That glossy foliage steals my heart. Seagrass and jute plant baskets (Set of 2), CUTTER, E. G. (1962). This is how I ultimately divided the ZZ Plant. Hello! If you have any more questions about how to propagate a ZZ plant or if you want to share your own experiences with these hardy aroids, don’t hesitate to leave a comment below! ZZ plant propagation is possible from a single leaf, just like with succulent propagation. I’m tickled pink to have you here! Make sure that each section has plenty of leaves and roots, plant in fresh soil, and you’re good to go! A stem cutting of a ZZ Plant is going to yield faster results for propagation. You can also toss in some bark or perlite to make the soil even more airy. ... Show larger version of the image Propagating Houseplants ZZ plant leaf cutting starting to root in. If your plant is overcrowded, division is appropriate. You can see the rhizomes at the base of my plant in the photo above. Just don’t disturb your new plants too much to avoid damaging the delicate roots by accident. Just take the mother plant out of its container, loosen the soil, and separate the plant into multiples. After taking the stem cuttings, it’s recommended to lay them out somewhere warm for a short period of time to let the cut ends callous over. How to Propagate ZZ Plants. As the plant grows, the tubers also grow & multiply. Your cost for the products will be no higher but Joy Us garden receives a small commission. Any recommendations on outdoor temps where ZZ would be happiest would be appreciated. Once your stem cuttings are ready, you have two options: the soil method and the water method. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a948712fe526172437203c908ae43e61" );document.getElementById("eeb213cd51").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Hi, I’m Nell, and this is where I celebrate all things garden and share my passion for plants, flowers and the great outdoors. The rhizomes will … Problems with Calathea | Yellow leaves, curling, drooping... Chinese money plant care & info | Pilea peperomioides. When you repot the plant, you would simply divide the … Place the cut stem in water, and change out the water every 3-4 weeks. People will say, you cannot propagate them, or the only way to do so is by division of the root ball, etc. As we’ve already seen, these roots can regrow themselves and grow from cuttings of leaves and stems. Or will the plant just continue to grow off its single rhizome? Dividing a thick ZZ plant clump; Preparing cuttings from both stem and leaves, in soil or in water; Lastly, seed reproduction – but this is extremely rare! I’m so glad I found your blog. 06/24/2017. I’m also in Arizona and I have a ZZ plant that I keep indoors. This helps avoid discolored and burned leaves. The smallest piece was potted along with the largest plant. Dividing it seemed to be a logical solution and is one way of propagating a ZZ Plant. Required fields are marked *. The simplest way to divide the plant is to remove it from its pot and carefully divide the thick rhizomes. Hello, so glad I found you! Tip: For all the ins and outs of caring for this popular indoor plant, don’t forget to have a look at the full ZZ plant care guide. Thank you! In fact, they’re poisonous to all animals and humans! Houseplant Propagation Methods Division. They might sulk for a bit but should continue growing just fine with a high success rate. Designed and Developed by PenciDesign. As always when propagating, make sure you’ve got a … ZZ plants are well-suited to division because of their rhizome root system. It’s not an absolute must, it just decreases the chances of rot a bit. […], […] Propagating A ZZ Plant By DivisionHow To Plant & Care For Aloe Vera Pups2 Very Easy Ways to Propagate Succulents […], […] Propagating A ZZ Plant By Division […], Your email address will not be published. Healthy plants. Once your ZZ Plant has grown within a half-inch of the planter’s edge, or if you start to notice exposed rhizomes above the soil, you may want to divide the plant. How to Propagate Your ZZ Plant by Division Prepare two or three smaller pots with fresh potting mix. I decided to divide it into 3 plants so 1 could stay in the kitchen, another would head to my bedroom and the 3rd would go to Lucy. Note on which specimens to propagate. 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