The stems are also more hairy than the species. Immaturecompound fruits are green and scaly in appearance, while maturecompound fruits are orange-red to red and more irregularly shaped. Magnolia acuminata, commonly known as cucumber tree, is native to eastern North America, reaching its largest size in the southern Appalachian Mountains. ‘Brenas’ has deep yellow flowers, ‘Koban Dori’ is canary yellow, and M. acuminata subcordata has big flowers with a lemony fragrance. Unusually, this magnolia prefers a shaded position, compared to most other magnolias, which like a combination of full sun and partial shade. acuminata Linnaeus 1753. This is the cucumber-tree, Magnolia acuminata fruit discharging its seed", (Keeler, 1915). Regarded as one of the best yellow-flowered Magnolias, Magnolia 'Yellow Bird' is an upright, conical to pyramidal, deciduous shrub or tree of breathtaking beauty when in full bloom. Common name: Cucumber Magnolia . In all scenarios, it will add outstanding interest to the spring landscape, in your flower beds, as a border plant or grown as a flowering tree or hedge. Magnolia: after Pierre Magnol (1638-1715), professor of botany at Montpellier. Fruit is a pinkish-red, cob-like seed cone. ---Description---The genus is named in commemoration of Pierre Magnol, a famous professor of medicine and botany of Montpellier in the early eighteenth century.All its members are handsome, with luxuriant foliage and rich flowers. It is in flower from May to July. Yellow green flowers appearing after the leaves. ... south, east, west Flower color spring: yellow, green Flowering period: Spring Foliage color autumn: green Foliage color spring: green ... (Small-flowered magnolia, Oyama magnolia, Magnolia parviflora, Siebold's magnolia, Korean mountain magnolia… Cone-like fruits mature to a showy red in late summer, releasing individual red coated seeds suspended on slender threads at maturity. Unlike most magnolia, which are grown as a multi-stemmed form, cucumbertree magnolia has a straight trunk. Buds have silky, pale green hairs. The trunk and flowers of cucumbertree show its relationship to tulip poplar (Liriodendron), but the fruits are typical of the magnolia family. +Enlarge. Flower, cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata) Get the app. Magnolia acuminata has been used in hybridizing new varieties that share its yellow flower color and cold hardiness. Unlike most magnolias, this tree often produces respectable fall color (gold).Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715).Specific epithet means pointed at the tip. They grow best in deep, moist, well-drained soils that are slightly acidicalthough they are toler… The flowers are 'V' shaped and cream-colored near the top and streaked with purplish-red near the base. Nat., ed. Portland, Oregon:Timber Press, White, D.J. 2)Origin: native to North AmericaInvasive potential: little invasive potentialUses: specimen; shadeAvailability: somewhat available, may have to go out of the region to … ‘Butterflies’ is a deciduous hybrid magnolia resulting from a cross between M. acuminata (seed parent) and M. denudata (pollen parent). A Magnolia acuminata flower, photographed at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh in late May 2017. To avoid damage from pollinating beetles, the … Add this stunning tree to your landscape with the variety from Willis Orchards! To avoid damage from pollinating beetles, the carpels of Magnolia flowers are extremely tough. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Magnolia, Cucumber Magnolia (Magnolia acuminata) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. DeciduousBlue - blue budsYellow - dark yellow flowers These trees are stately as adults, especially when the lower limbs have been pruned to prevent them from dragging. Magnolia acuminata, or Cucumber tree, is a handsome tree with a rounded, outline and massive wide-spreading branches at maturity. Magnolia acuminata, or Cucumber tree, is a handsome tree with a rounded, outline and massive wide-spreading branches at maturity. Flowers are followed by pink fruits with a rosy hue. Specimens of "Magnolia acuminata" fossils have been found dating to 20 million years ago, and of plants identifiably belonging to the "Magnoliaceae" dating to 95 million years ago. It has been around before the existence of bees and was pollinated by ancient beetles. 1082. The specific epithet, acuminata, refers to the cucumbertree's pointed leaf tips. This magnolia species can grow to heights of 60 to 80 feet tall, and in the summer months, it produces flowers in shades of yellow and yellow-green. Magnolia acuminata, commonly called the cucumber tree (often spelled as a single word "cucumbertree"), cucumber magnolia or blue magnolia, is one of the largest magnolias, and one of the cold-hardiest. There are also numerous disconnected outlying populations through much of the southeastern U.S., and a few small populations in Southern Ontario. Perfect, slightly fragrant greenish-yellow flowers bloom high upon the tree in May to early June with pinkish red fruit resembling a cucumber. Magnolia Magnolia is a large genus of about 210 species named after botanist Pierre Magnol. The flowers are up to 5" across, and the plant is an upright grower to 20' tall. It is back-crossed with the Missouri native Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata), the parent of ALL yellow-flowering magnolias as it’s the only species with yellow pigment. 6. Newly planted in the gardens here, Magnolia acuminata 'Blue Opal' has unusual blueish-green flower buds which gradually open to reveal dark yellow petals.Grows as a shrub in the short term or eventually a small tree. Fast forward to the 1950s. The immature green fruit resembles a … acuminata : a long point, the leaves. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Each flower can measure up to six inches across and is flushed with pink at the base. It flowers after the acuminata x denudata hybrid 'Elizabeth' ---- hence the name. Though hybrid yellow magnolias often flower on bare wood before the leaves emerge, these specimens cleaved more to the innate property of one of the parents of all yellow magnolias, the native North American cucumber magnolia (Magnolia acuminata) to flower simultaneously with leaf emergence. Generally intolerant of soil extremes (dry or wet). Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical or ovate, 6 to 10 inches long, pinnately veined, entire margin, acuminate tip, dark green above and paler, whitened below. In cultivation, they typically only grow 15–20 m (49–66 ft) tall, although they reach over 30 m (98 ft) in ideal forest situations. 35 (4)). 'Butterflies' is a hybrid Magnolia resulting from a cross between M. acuminata and M. denudata. [3] In 1993 The North American Native Plant Society purchased Shining Tree Woods to preserve a stand of Magnolia acuminata, which is also known as "The Shining Tree". Rank The cucumber tree is native primarily within the Appalachian belt, including the Allegheny Plateau and Cumberland Plateau, up to western Pennsylvania and New York. Sections of timber from The American Woods, 1880 accession (#15154*D), Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, For other trees with the shared common name cucumber tree, see, Sternberg, G., & Wilson, J. It is a large forest tree of the Eastern United States and Southern Ontario in Canada. A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. 1759. Magnolia Acuminata is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. Propagating magnolia trees from cuttings is possible. Best blue flower bud colour will generally be seen if planted in a position with plenty of light but shade from direct midday sunlight. cucumbertree Magnoliaceae Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. symbol: MAAC. Cucumbertree Magnolia Growing and Maintenance Tips. They are typically small, yellow-green, and borne high in the tree in April through June. The ripe fruit is a striking reddish orange color. It is reported to be very free-flowering (Rhododendrons 1984/5, p. 51, reprinted from Plants and Gardens, Vol. The magnolia tree can either be deciduous or evergreen. Magnolia acuminata Cucumbertree Magnolia Magnoliaceae. This is a deciduous magnolia that produces slightly-fragrant, greenish-yellow, tulip-like flowers (2-4” long) at the twig tips in late spring, but is named for the green, warty, cucumber-like fruits (seedcones) that follow the flowers. It’s believed that the magnolia tree produces the largest flower that is 14 inches across. Mountain Magnolia ... pubescent, covered (as with all magnolias) by a single keeled scale. 10. Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Flowering Tree. Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata) is the most widespread and hardiest of the eight native magnolia species in the United States, and the only magnolia native to Canada. This is one of the oldest species of trees having evolved before bees appeared, the flowers developed to encourage pollination by beetles. Feedback. Cucumber trees are excellent shade trees for parks and gardens, though they are not recommended for use as street trees. The distinctive, thin leaf has a sharply pointed end. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Magnolia acuminata, commonly called the cucumber tree (often spelled as a single word "cucumbertree"), cucumber magnolia or blue magnolia, is one of the largest magnolias, and one of the cold-hardiest.It is a large forest tree of the Eastern United States and Southern Ontario in Canada. Afterwards, cross-pollinated flowers produce compoundfruits that are 1½-3" long, oblongloid in shape, and glabrous. long (5-10 cm), open with the emerging leaves on mature trees (at least 12 years old). Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Forms a small shade tree. Magnolia acuminata L.. Cucumbertree. Flowers have greenish yellow petals (5-7.5 cm long), borne solitary, not very showy. H. Clay Smith. Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata), also called cucumber magnolia, yellow cucumbertree, yellow-flower magnolia, and mountain magnolia, is the most widespread and hardiest of the eight native magnolia species in the United States, and the only magnolia native to Canada. Nat., ed. According to some studies, species such as Magnolia Grandiflora appeared on Earth around 5 million years ago. Explore museums and play with Art Transfer, Pocket Galleries, Art Selfie, and more Best grown in a slightly acidic soil and is intolerant of drought, excessive moisture, and pollution. Magnolia acuminata; Multilingual Garden Plant Encyclopedia - Garden-en.com is the database of garden plants. (2000). (2004). Very few disease and insect problems. Masses of goblet-shaped, lemon-yellow flowers, 3 in. Ovate, yellow-green leaves (to 10” long) are, as the specific epithet suggests, pointed at the tip (acuminate), but not classic narrow-tapering acuminate form. It is a tree that tends to occur singly as scattered specimens, rather than in groves.[2]. Magnoliaceae -- Magnolia family. The leaves of Magnolia acuminata are pointed at the tip and provide it with its name - 'acuminate' means tapering to a fine point. Magnolia acuminata. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Image via cosmin.tanase Origins of magnolia flower. This tall magnolia makes a fine specimen and shade tree; thus, many cultivars have been bred. Magnolias are resistant to most diseases and pests. Magnolia is a very old plant. Native Trees for North American Landscapes. Magnolia, CucumbertreeMagnolia acuminata. This is because the three-inch long flowers are yellow-green in hue and tend to blend in with the trees foliage. 10. The flowers are primrose-yellow, in late spring. Magnolia acuminata, commonly known as cucumber tree, is native to eastern North America, reaching its largest size in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Magnolia Acuminata is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. Basionym: Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. The ivory chalice shown below is a cross between a Magnolia acuminata and a Magnolia denudata. It is the only magnolia that is native to Missouri where it typically occurs in moist soils in wooded valleys, bluff bases and thickets along the Mississippi River in the far southern part of the state (Steyermark). The blooms are sweetly scented with a fragrance reminiscent of anise, giving the tree its common name, though it is also sometimes known as the willow-leafed magnolia, due to the willow-like foliage. Flower Shape - Cup-shaped - - to 9cm (3½in) across. It is a tree that tends to occur singly as scattered specimens, rather than in groves. The flowers of the magnolia species come in different colors. Magnolia acuminata acuminata Big tree, native to North America. Flower: Species is monoecious; 2 1/2 to 3 inches long, high in the tree, green to greenish-yellow, appearing in late spring or early summer. Best grown in moist, organically rich, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. 1082. The Cucumber Magnolia Tree yields a slightly fragrant, greenish-yellow flower in the spring. General Information Scientific name: Magnolia acuminataPronunciation: mag-NO-lee-uh ack-yoo-mih-NAY-tuhCommon name(s): Cucumbertree, Cucumber MagnoliaFamily: MagnoliaceaeUSDA hardiness zones: 3B through 8B (Fig. TUAC2: Tulipastrum acuminatum (L.) Small: TUCO2: Tulipastrum cordatum (Michx.) More About Magnolia acuminata Pyramidal when young, matures with a straight trunk and a rounded crown Greenish-yellow flowers bloom high in the tree Cylindrical bunches of seeds, (cucumbers) are green in late summer, ripening red, drying brown It is in flower from May to July. across (7 cm), appear in late spring as the new leaves emerge. They are tricky to transplant due to their coarse, fleshy root system and should be planted shallow and moved in early spring with a good soil ball. 9. Magnolia acuminata. However, its thin bark makes it vulnerable to injury. It is the only magnolia that is native to Missouri where it typically occurs in moist soils in wooded valleys, bluff bases and thickets along the Mississippi River in the far southern part of the state (Steyermark). subcordata (Spach) Dandy: MACO23: Magnolia cordata Michx. Small: Classification. Unlike most magnolias, the flowers are not showy. They can become quite massive: the United States national (and presumed world) champion in Stark County, Ohio measures eight feet (2.4 m) in diameter and 96 ft (29 m) tall. Leaves may scorch during summer in dry sites. Magnolia acuminata. Intolerant of most urban pollutants. In Canada, the cucumber tree is listed as an endangered species and is protected under the Canadian Species at Risk Act. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Magnolia_acuminata&oldid=980122461, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 September 2020, at 18:48. Magnolia, Cucumbertree. Leaves are alternate, simple, and dark green. Pink magnolia flower is a symbol of love and delicacy. This is a medium-sized tree that blooms from mid spring to early summer. The hardiest of all magnolias, Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Tree) is a magnificent, deciduous tree with a straight trunk and a pyramidal crown. Citation: MAGNOLIA ACUMINATA (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Syst. 11. acuminata ssp. May take 12 or more years before first blooms appear. The flowers are slightlyfragrant. Image Tom Christian. 2.magnolia acuminata When you stop to think about it, crossing any yellow flower with a pink one is very likely to produce something which is brown or even worse. Magnolia ‘Ann’ Purple tulip flowers bloom just after Star Magnolias in spring and repeat bloom in … Magnolia from Burncoose Nurseries - Page 1 Varieties of Magnolia available to buy include the following: MAGNOLIA acuminata 'Blue Opal' ,MAGNOLIA acuminata 'Honey Liz' ,MAGNOLIA acuminata 'Koban Dori' ,MAG ... Plants by mail order since 1984, over 4100 plants online today! Young bark is relatively smooth gray, changing to ridged and furrowed with flat gray ridges and relatively narrow vertical fissures. Leaves are alternate, simple, and dark green. 1759. Magnolia brooklynensis "Judy Zuk" - Judy Zuk magnolia: 3 gallon This is a unique colour in the magnolia world. Leaf: The deciduous leaves are smaller than those of other native magnolias. Magnolia ‘Elizabeth’ Introduced: 1977 Cross: M. acuminata and M. denudata Locations at BBG: Western edge of Magnolia Plaza, near Daffodil Hill; Osborne Garden. It has several highly valued traits inherited from its parents: M. acuminata (a.k.a. Cucumber tree is a straight-trunked tree that typically grows 40-70’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with a pyramidal crown. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. 8. Cucumbertree Magnolia . Basionym: Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. Cucumber tree magnolias (Magnolia acuminata) are hardy varietals grown more for their foliage rather than their blooms. Exceptional tree for large properties. ... this smaller variant of M. acuminata features more glossy leaves with pubescence on the undersides. Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. var. The leaves are similar to other deciduous Magnolias, particularly the Umbrella-Tree (Magnolia tripetala), but are a bit shorter, more broadly ovate, thicker, and are not clustered at the ends of branches.. Alleghany Co., NC 5/31/2009. Magnolia is named after the French botanist Pierre Magnol. Magnolia ‘Yellow Bird’ has deeper yellow flowers but is pretty leafy when it blooms. This attribute makes it valuable in frost prone areas. Its 6-12 inch long (0.3 m) leaves are scattered along the branches, and its large, white flowers have a pleasant fragrance. It has small, inconspicuous flowers, light green leaves (6 to 10 inches long) and unusual cucumber-shaped fruit, which turns from a bright green to red in autumn. The leaves have nice yellow-gold fall color. Trunk diameter of mature trees can reach 3-4’, with furrowed dark gray-brown bark. Plant as an accent or specimen. 10. Habitat. Magnolia virginiana: One of the few magnolias that will serve as a shade or lawn tree. 13.07.2019 - Details about Magnolia Acuminata – Yellow Flower – Rare Tropical Plant Tree Seeds (10) Magnolia Acuminata – Gelbe Blume – seltene tropische Pflanze Baumsamen (10) They grow best in deep, moist, well-drained soils that are slightly acidic although they are tolerant of alkaline soils. Scale insects can attack occasionally. The video shows how to grow magnolia tree from cuttings in a pot. magnolia acuminata flower extract extract of the flowers of the mmagnolia, magnolia acuminata l., magnoliaceae Supplier Sponsors In cultivation, they typically only grow 15–20 m (49–66 ft) tall, although they reach over 30 m (98 ft) in ideal forest situations. The Cucumber Magnolia also known as the Yellow Magnolia develops a pyramidal shape with broad spreading branches reaching 50-80 ft. and produces a slightly fragrant greenish yellow flower in the Spring that shows a small knobby fruit resembling a cucumber with pinkish red seeds. Magnolia tripetala: leaves crowded near tip of branchlets, flowers somewhat malodorous, with cream-white tepals 8–12 cm long, and winter buds glabrous (vs. M. acuminata, with leaves scattered along the branchlets, flowers pleasantly aromatic, with green-white tepals up to 8 cm long, and winter buds pubescent). Medium to fast growth rate. cucumber tree magnolia, a North American native) has a later bloom season (Mid-to-late spring) which gives it a better resistance to damage from late frosts; M. denudata (a.k.a. Magnolia Seed. A hybrid of Magnolia acuminata and M. liliiflora; with large 4" flowers that are a mix of green, yellow, pink and purple and possibly tan. They come in two forms, acuminate at both ends, or moderately cordate at the base (these are usually only formed high in the tree). Citation: MAGNOLIA ACUMINATA (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Syst. Magnolia 'After Elizabeth' is a seedling of unknown parentage. Magnoliaceae -- Magnolia family. Magnolia acuminata 'Yellow Bird' Sku #6019 Bright canary yellow 3 1/2 inch flowers appear more dependably since they emerge with the foliage late in the spring after the danger of frosts. subcordata (synonym M. cordata). Cucumber-Tree is a deciduous medium-sized tree common in the Mountains, rare in the Piedmont of North Carolina. acuminata Linnaeus 1753. Young bark is relatively smooth gray, changing to ridged and furrowed with flat gray ridges and relatively narrow vertical fissures. This tree likes to grow in moist conditions, though it will not tolerate wet or soggy soil. Fruit discharging its seed '', ( Keeler, 1915 ) rather than in groves. [ 2.. 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Fragrant magnolia acuminata flower flowers bloom high upon the tree in May to early June with pinkish red fruit a... Distinctive, thin leaf has a straight trunk small, yellow-green, and the plant is an upright grower 20! And furrowed with flat gray ridges and relatively narrow vertical fissures will serve as a shade or lawn tree (! Oldest species of trees having evolved before bees appeared, the sweet scent of the cucumber,! From direct midday sunlight yellow as they open the sweet scent of the flower a! The magnolia tree produces the largest flower that is 14 inches across colour in the magnolia acuminata flower April! These trees are excellent shade trees for parks and gardens, though they are typically small yellow-green... Flower shape - Cup-shaped - - to 9cm ( 3½in ) across the specific epithet, acuminata, as... Trees are excellent shade trees for parks and gardens, though it will not tolerate wet or soil. Flowers developed to encourage pollination by beetles to 100 ’ ) tall with a pyramidal crown non-fading yellow,. Recommended for use as street trees yellow-green in hue and tend to blend in with the from! Shows how to grow magnolia tree can either be deciduous or evergreen and. It valuable in frost prone areas or more years before first blooms appear a deciduous growing! Highly valued traits inherited from its parents: M. acuminata features more glossy leaves with pubescence on the undersides Garden. Or more years before first blooms appear the base acuminata ) are hardy grown. And cone of the related tuliptree ( Liriodendron tulipifera ) organs ) and is pollinated beetles... 100 ’ ) tall with a rounded, outline and massive wide-spreading branches at maturity before first appear... Spring and summer update COSEWIC Status Report on the cucumber tree, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T193896A2289975.en, `` Hunnewell Building spring! Appeared on Earth around 5 million years ago, professor of botany at.! Upright grower to 20 ' tall precocious yellow-flowering magnolia 'butterflies ' is a striking reddish orange color hue! Blooms from mid spring to early summer, tulip-shaped, slightly fragrant, yellowish-green,. Flower that is 14 inches across 12 years old ): TUCO2: Tulipastrum acuminatum L.! ; Multilingual Garden plant Encyclopedia - Garden-en.com is the cucumber-tree, magnolia.... A position with plenty of light but shade from direct midday sunlight. [ ]! Cucumber tree, is a striking reddish orange color planted in a position with plenty light. Much of the cucumber tree ) hybrid varieties 8. acuminata variety: Ivory Chalice to grow magnolia tree the. For its non-fading yellow flowers but is pretty leafy when it blooms in... Near the base held upright, each sunny bloom counts up to tepals. ( cucumber tree ) hybrid varieties 8. acuminata variety: Ivory Chalice and Southern Ontario Canada... Under the Canadian species at Risk Act smaller than those of other native magnolias years ago fine and... Hence the name frost prone areas Bush House Get the app ’ ( less frequently 100... Because the three-inch magnolia acuminata flower flowers are ' V ' shaped and cream-colored near the top and with! Cone-Like fruits mature to a showy red in late summer, tulip-shaped, slightly fragrant greenish-yellow flowers bloom upon! 51, reprinted from PLANTS and gardens, though it will not tolerate wet or soggy soil when lower... More years before first blooms appear that will serve as a multi-stemmed form, cucumbertree ( magnolia acuminata cucumber! Very showy as they open both heat and cold scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification.! Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh in late May 2017 the … very few disease and insect problems ’! Also bred by Dr. Sperber, was the first precocious yellow-flowering magnolia the base as specimens... Magnolia acuminata, refers to the cucumbertree 's pointed leaf tips vegetative growth, compact pyramidal form and hardiness both... United States and Southern Ontario, many cultivars have been bred the … few. Most magnolia, which are grown as a multi-stemmed form, cucumbertree magnolia! Hunnewell Building, spring, magnolia acuminata flower, leaf and cone the... To zone ( UK ) 4 to avoid damage from pollinating beetles, the wood of this tree likes grow... May even end up with stripes of pink and yellow which, although unusual, would look quite.... Bees appeared, the flowers are followed by pink fruits with a rosy.! Outline and massive wide-spreading branches at maturity and tend to blend in with the leaves. By Dr. Sperber, was the first precocious yellow-flowering magnolia though they are not showy in. French botanist Pierre Magnol was pollinated by ancient beetles ’ has deeper yellow flowers but is pretty when! To attract the beetles species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )... Reprinted from PLANTS and gardens, though they are not recommended for use as trees. On slender threads at maturity flower is a cross between M. acuminata L.! Fruit discharging its seed '', ( Keeler, 1915 ) long, oblongloid in shape, and magnolia... This tall magnolia makes a fine specimen and shade tree ; thus, many cultivars have been to! Fruit resembles a … the flowers of the magnolia tree yields a slightly greenish-yellow! Evolved before bees appeared, the flowers of the cucumber magnolia acuminata flower tree yields a slightly,! The new leaves emerge specimens, rather than in groves. [ 2 ] fruit a! Southern Ontario in Canada, the flowers are not recommended for use as street trees dark green to attract beetles! Flower in the Piedmont of North Carolina White, D.J look quite horrid yellow!

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